“ When do you ovulate? ” is one of the most important topics for every woman, since it helps to increase your chances of getting pregnant, but most women have no idea how to tell. If you even have the same issue then don’t worry we are here to help you.
In order to truly understand ovulation, you need to understand; what is ovulation? where does ovulation fall in the menstrual cycle? when do you ovulate? what are the symptoms and signs of ovulation?
Ovulation is the phase of your menstrual cycle when a mature egg is released from the ovary and set the stage for fertilization. Furthermore, ovulation is the process of releasing of an egg from a woman’s ovary and occurs each month for most women. If the released egg is fertilized and successfully implants, it results in a pregnancy. During ovulation, the egg travels down the fallopian tube, where it meets up with a sperm released by male and become fertilized. Similarly, it is known that each woman is born with millions of immature eggs that wait to be released, normally one at a time, every month. Generally, ovulation occurs once a month, a few weeks after menstruation begins since most women have menstruation cycles in the age of 26-32 day but it’s very difficult to find the exact timing of ovulation.
Important to know when you ovulate:
In women of reproductive age, ovulation happens when an egg is released from the ovaries into the fallopian tubes, where it can be fertilized by sperm. So it is important to understand when ovulation occurs since it is one of the most important key factors in getting pregnant and preventing pregnancy. There is an ovulation calendar called CycleBeads helping you identify the days during which ovulation can occur. It also allows the potentially fertile days around ovulation when pregnancy is possible.
When do you ovulate?
Ovulation occurs generally on day 15 of your menstrual cycle but it’s not the same for everyone. If you are like most women of childbearing age, your menstrual cycle lasts between 28 and 32 days and ovulation usually hits between days 10 and 19 of that cycle i.e. about 12 to 16 days before your next period. So if your cycle is 35 days, ovulation will happen on day 21 of that cycle and if your cycle is 21 days ovulation will happen on day seven. Therefore the timing of ovulation can vary from cycle to cycle and from woman to woman.
For some women, ovulation doesn’t always take place or it can be irregular. In general, if you are pregnant and have gone through menopause, or you take birth control pills consistently and on time, you won’t ovulate. Similarly, other lifestyle factors i.e. stress or being significantly underweight or overweight may affect menstruation and ovulation.
Note: If you’re planning to breastfeed exclusively, be aware that you likely won’t ovulate during that time.
When are you most fertile?
In reality, there’s a six-day “fertile window” in your cycle, i.e. the five days leading up to ovulation, through the day of ovulation. And of those six days are the optimal time frame to conceive is during the two to three days prior to ovulation and the day of ovulation itself, when you’re most fertile. Once you have been releasing an egg, it’s very viable for about 12 to 24 hours. Then after, you would typically can’t get pregnant until your next menstrual cycle occurs.
How to predict ovulation?
Here is list of signs of ovulation including at-home and OTC tests, can help you predict when you’re going to ovulate are mentioned below:
- Basal Body Temperature Monitoring:
Basal Body Temperature is the temperature of your body at rest and your basal body temperature remains fairly consistent and averages between 97.2 and 97.6 degrees Fahrenheit. As you get closer to ovulation, there is an increase in temperature of about 0.4 to 1.0 degrees.
Note : one of the best ways to determine when and if ovulation happened is to track your basal body temperature over a series of months.
- Menstrual Charting:
If you have normal menstrual cycles between 25 and 35 days; you are more likely to be ovulating regularly, with ovulation occurring about 14days before menstruation.
- Ovulation Kit:
OTC ovulation predictor kits measure your levels of luteinizing hormone (LH) which can be detected in your urine. LH concentration would stay elevated for 14 to 27 hours to allow for full maturation of the egg.
- Fertility Monitor:
Fertility Monitor can identify your five most fertile days. The monitor measures LH and estrogen levels to identify your two peak fertile days, plus the one to five fertile days leading up to them.
Note: Monitors give you more advanced information than ovulation kits.
Symptoms and Signs of Ovulation:
There are some common and potential symptoms of ovulation, but not every woman experiences them all.
- Cervical Mucus changes:
As you near ovulation, your body produces more estrogen, causing cervical mucus to become stretchy and clear like egg white. It helps sperm swim to the egg. The amount of cervical mucus and what it looks and feels like varies from woman to woman. To test for ovulation, put or insert a clean finger into your vagina, then remove some of the mucus and finally stretch out the secretion between your thumb and finger. If it’s very sticky and stretchy or very wet and slippery than be sure that you are in perfect fertile phase.
- A heightened sense of smell:
A more sensitive sense of smell in the latter half of a normal menstruation cycle can be a sign of ovulation so that your body is likely to be more attracted to the male pheromone androsterone
- .Breast soreness or tenderness:
Breast and nipple sensitivity, tenderness or soreness can be a sign of ovulation.
- Mild pelvic or Lower abdominal pain:
Most of the women may have lower abdominal pain usually on one side or the other. The sensation called Mittelschmerz which can last anywhere between a few minutes and a few hours. Along with pain, some may even experience vaginal bleeding, discharge or nausea along with the ache or pain.
- Light Spotting or Discharge:
Ovulation symptom can occur when the follicle that surrounds and protects the developing oocyte, or egg, matures, grows and then ruptures. It results in a small amount of bleeding.
- Changes in the cervix:
During ovulation, your cervix may become higher, softer and more open than usual.
There are also other symptoms like Nausea or headaches, slight spotting, saliva ferning, increased sexual desire etc.