Urinary Tract Infection : Causes, Symptoms Treatment

Urinary Tract Infection : Causes, Symptoms, Prevention And Treatments

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Did you know that Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are some of the most common bacterial infections, affecting 150 million people each year worldwide?

Many of us try to hide our health problems, especially when they are related to our private parts, which later on create havoc in our life. Why?! Because we feel embarrassed and think people might judge us or make fun of us.

Last month one of my colleagues was hospitalized for six regular days. She shared that few days before being hospitalized; she experienced lower back pain, frequent need to urinate and had terrible pain after urinating. However, as she was embarrassed about it, she just kept it to herself. As a result, her body gave up, she fainted and we had to call 911. Later, she was diagnosed with urinary tract infection (UTI). This horrible experience of my colleague not only taught her a lesson but also made me realize that when it is about our health problems we should not compromise a bit.

I researched a lot about UTI and concluded that I should share about it with you guys too.

So What Is Urinary Tract Infection?

A UTI is an infection that can affect the parts of our urinary tract. Our urinary tract consists of kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Kidneys and ureters are the upper urinary tract, bladder, and urethra the lower. Common UTIs involves infection in the bladder and urethra. The infection can affect the kidney and ureters which is rare but severe.

With that being said, according to Kelly M. Kasper, MD, who is an ob-gyn at Indiana University Health explains that when our body fails to ward off bacteria, UTI can occur. She states,

“Our urinary tract system is designed to keep out bacteria; however, these defenses can fail.”

She further explains,

“When that happens, bacteria can grow and multiply and cause infections.”

Basically, bacteria are the main causes of UTI. In some cases, viruses and fungi can also cause UTI.

Also Read: Peptic Ulcer: Classification, Etiology, Risk Factors, Clinical Manifestation, Diagnosis And Management

Factors Which Causes UTI

  • High Blood Sugar
  • Holding Urine
  • Dehydration
  • Birth Control Pills
  • Dirty Pads and Tampons
  • Kidney Stones
  • Poor Personal Hygiene
  • Sexual Intercourse
  • Poorly Controlled Diabetes
  • Pregnancy
  • Weak Immune System

Do Only Women Suffer From UTI?

No. Both men and women suffer from UTI. In comparison to men, women may suffer from more than one infection during their lifetimes. Women are at greater risk of developing a UTI as women have the shorter urethra, which helps the bacteria to travel faster to the bladder. However, the fact remains, people of any age and sex can develop a UTI.

Symptoms Of UTI 

A UTI symptoms depend upon, the part of the urinary tract it affected.

The symptoms of lower urinary tract infection are:

  • burning sensation during urination
  • urge for frequent urination
  • difficulty urinating
  • change in the normal color of the urine
  • bloody urine
  • cloudy urine
  • urine that has a bad odor
  • extreme pains in the pelvis and lower stomach in women
  • rectal pain in men

The symptoms of upper tract infection:

  • extreme pain in the upper back and sides
  • chills
  • fever
  • nausea
  • vomiting

What About The Treatment?

The treatment offered by most of the medical professionals is the use of antibiotics as the main cause of UTI is bacteria. However, antiviral and antifungal medications are offered as the treatment of UTIs caused by viruses and fungi.

“Prevention is better than cure.”

Ok! Only discussing about the problem is not enough. Let’s see the things that we can do to prevent UTI.

  • Stay Hydrated
  • Don’t Hold the Urine
  • Intake of Cranberry Supplements
  • Wipe from Front to Back
  • Urinate After Sexual Intercourse

Hope knowing about UTI from this article will help you a lot. Honestly, it’s always better to seek professional help whenever we go through any health-related problem.

Related Articles:

Dark Urine: See Its Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis And Treatment

Difficulty In Urinating- Passing Urine Is Hard: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Prevention & Treatment

Urinary Incontinence ( Involuntary Passage Of Urine ): Types, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment


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