Psoriasis is one of the most baffling and persistent of skin disorders. It is also called chronic autoimmune condition that causes the rapid build-up of skin cells and scaling on the surface of the skin. It is characterized by inflammation and redness around the scaly cells. Typically psoriasis scales are whitish-silver and develop as thick, red patches. Often these patches will crack and bleed and occurs on the knees, scalp, and elbows, and effect to the torso, palms, and soles of the feet, so special caring is the most.
Psoriasis is also the result of a sped-up of skin production process and grows deep in the skin and slowly rises to the surface. Similarly, scales typically develop on joints, elbows, and knees. Furthermore, it would develop on any part of the body including hands, feet, face, and scalp. So it is related to 2 diabetes, inflammatory bowel disease, psoriatic arthritis and cardiovascular disease.
Different Types of Psoriasis:
There are typically 5 different types of Psoriasis. They are:
- Plaque Psoriasis:
Plaque Psoriasis is the most common type of psora that causes red, inflamed patches that cover most of the areas of the skin. These patches are often covered with whitish-silver scales or plaques. It is commonly found on the elbows, knees, and scalp.
- Guttate Psoriasis:
Guttate psoriasis is the most common symptom in childhood which causes small pink spots. The sites where it shows its symptoms are torso, arms, and legs. These spots are rarely thick or rose like plaque psoriasis.
- Pustular Psoriasis:
Pustular Psoriasis is common in adults and causes white, pus-filled blisters with red and inflamed skin. It is especially focused on smaller areas of the body like hands or feet, but it can be widespread.
- Inverse Psoriasis:
Inverse Psoriasis causes bright areas of red, shiny, inflamed skin which is developed under armpits or breasts, in the groin, skin folds in the genitals.
- Erythrodermic Psoriasis:
It is very rare but often covers large sections of the body. The skin almost appears sunburned. It’s not uncommon for a person with this type of psoriasis to run a fever or become very ill. It is often characterized by periodic, fiery redness of the skin and shedding of scales in sheets.
Symptoms of psoriasis
Psoriasis is often differed from person to person and depends on the type of Psoriasis. It can be limited to only a few small areas but its effect can be seen throughout the body. So common symptoms of psoriasis are as follows:
- Dry skin that may crack and bleed
- Thick. Pitted nails
- Painful, swollen joints
- Soreness around patches
- Silver-white scales or plaques on the red patches
- Itching and burning sensations around patches
- Small scaling spots
The symptoms of psoriasis often develop or become worse due to certain triggers:
- Drinking too much alcohol
- Cold temperatures
- Excessive stress and tension
- Certain medications, including lithium, beta blockers, and anti-malarial drugs
- A skin injury, such as a cut, bug bite, or sunburn
- Having another autoimmune disorder, such as AIDS or rheumatoid arthritis
- Infections that cause a weakened immune system, such as strep throat.
Is psoriasis contagious?
Psoriasis is never contagious. Unlike some other skin conditions such as impetigo, MRSA, scabies, psoriasis isn’t caused by contagious bacteria or another type of infection. Most of Psoriasis have a common type of skin infection:
- Psoriasis causes red, raised patches of skin. These are often covered by a silvery buildup of scaling or dead skin cells.
- It often causes small red spots all over the skin.
- Pustular psoriasis causes raised, pus-filled bumps on the palms and soles, painful, fever, chills and a loss of appetite.
- Inverse psoriasis causes red patches of skin, sore and skin folds.
What causes psoriasis?
Despite being confusion on finding what exactly causes psoriasis; scientists have got two factors like genetics and immune system that causes it.
- Immune system:
Psoriasis is autoimmune conditions that are the result of the body attacking itself. While in the case of psoriasis, white blood cells known as T cells attack the skin cells mistakenly. It will invade bacteria and fight against infections. So the attack on the skin cells causes red, inflamed areas of skin to develop.
Psoriasis may be genetically transferred so if you have an immediate family member with the skin condition, you may be at higher risk of being infected. It is found that about 2 to 3 % of people with the gene develop this condition. And the immune system response results in a range of reactions, including:
- Increase in skin cells, T cells, and additional immune system cells
- Accumulation of new skin cells on the surface of the skin
- Enlargement of blood vessels in the skin
- Development of the thick, scaly patches associated with psoriasis
- Increase in white blood cells that stimulate the skin to produce new cells more quickly than usual.
Diagnosis of Psoriasis is essential to test or examine Psoriasis; here are two tests or examinations that can be used for diagnosis process:
- Physical Examination
Using just simple examination, doctors can easily diagnosis Psoriasis. Symptoms of psoriasis are typically evident and easy to distinguish from other conditions that may cause similar symptoms. It is also essential for the doctor to know if your any family member may have psoriasis.
If in case your doctor wants to confirm your symptoms then he/she may take a small sample of skin. Such process is known as a biopsy. For this, the skin will be sent to a lab, where it is examined under a microscope. Your doctor will likely inject a local numbering medicine to make the biopsy less painful.
In general, psoriasis has no cure however treatment aims to reduce inflammation and scales, remove plaques and slow down the growth of skin cells. Psoriasis treatments may be of three categories:
- Topical treatments
- Systemic medications
- Light therapy
Applying creams and ointments would be more helpful for reducing mild to moderate psoriasis. For the purpose of treatment, it includes:
- Salicylic acid
- Topical retinoids
- Topical corticosteroids
Systemic Medications are more useful for those who have not responded well to other treatment types but can use oral or injected medications. Medications have severe side effects which doctors prescribe for short periods of time including:
Light Therapy uses ultraviolet (UV) or natural light. Such sunlight will kill the overactive white blood cells (WBC) that are attacking our healthy skin cells and causes rapid cell growth. So, both UVA and UVB light are helpful and useful to reduce symptoms of mild to moderate psoriasis. This type of therapy uses more than one of the treatment types to reduce symptoms.
Medication can also be done if psoriasis stops responding to other treatments. The most common oral and injected medicines used for treating psoriasis are:
Similarly, you should consume healthy food containing omega-3 fatty acids like salmon, sardines, shrimp, walnuts, flaxseeds, soybeans etc, which would also help to reduce symptoms of psoriasis somehow from getting worst. And avoid trigger foods like red meat, refined sugar, processed foods, and dairy products; and drink less alcohol that would definitely be helpful to cure of psoriasis. Therefore, always take care of your health and remain healthy and happy.