Did you know that approximately 70-80% of women experience the severe condition of Postpartum Depression and its other subtypes after the delivery?
Postpartum Depression: Bearing a child of your own and stepping into motherhood is one of the greatest blessings a woman could ever have. However, studies showed that for most of the women, this blessing can surprisingly turn into a curse, not related to magic, but in fact, a clinically diagnosed condition termed as Post-Partum Depression (PPD).
Experts report that between 0.5% to 61% of women are likely to suffer depression after delivery in spite of a healthy delivery.
We know that you’re all afraid that Postpartum Depression can lead to serious complications to the mother, on one hand, and hamper your child’s growth, on the other hand. But don’t worry ladies, PPD is a treatable condition! All you have to do is find out the causes, signs and symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of the PostPartum Depression.
With that being said, let’s dive in to find out everything about Postpartum depression in our article in sound health solution.
So What is Postpartum Depression?
Postpartum Depression (PPD) is a major form of clinical depression that affects both sexes, mostly women that occur after childbirth. In other words, it is a complex form of depression where a patient experiences mixed physical, emotional and behavioural changes associated with having a baby. However, PPD is not easy to diagnose as it’s symptoms vary from person to person and it’s not much visible as well.
Symptoms of Post Partum Depression
Symptoms of Post Partum Depression varies from person to person but it can be classified as:
Depression is always linked with the emotional aspect of a person as depression is an emotion itself. Women suffering from PPD show certain peculiar emotions which include:
- Mood Swings
- Persistent sadness and anxiousness
- Irritability and anger
- Frustration and low self-esteem
- Exhaustion and non-motherly feelings
- Trouble bonding with baby
- Guilt and shame
Some of the notable symptoms for behavioral changes include:
- Excessive weeping
- Lack of motivation and energy
- Isolation and feeling of lost
- Insomnia or excessive sleep
- Persistent unhappiness
- Lack of comfort
- Low sexual desire
PPD is a psychological condition and it affects the psychology of a person in particular. Symptoms include:
- Self-harm and suicidal tendencies
- Fear of the baby
- Poor Memory or memory loss
- Lack of clear thinking
- Lack of concentration
What Causes Postpartum Depression?
The exact cause of PPD is yet not known by all the medical experts but according to National Institute of Mental Health, women are likely to suffer PPD due to a sudden drop of hormones; estrogen, and progesterone that triggers mood swings, stress and anxiety post the delivery.
But wait- there’s more, as a lot of factors are responsible for the depression, namely physical and emotional factors and lack of full recovery from childbirth.
With this in mind, you might also want to read: See These Mental Health Problems That Are More Common In Women
Postpartum Depression in Men
While this may be true, men are also at the high risk of suffering from postpartum depression. Moreover. studies show that at least 1 in 10 men experience paternal postpartum depression (PPD) after the birth of a child.
Accordingly, new fathers can experience mixed feelings like anxiety, stress, changes in sleep patterns or eating patterns. They might show similar symptoms as the new mother with postpartum depression experience. But there are certain factors that induce postpartum depression in men which includes:
- Young fathers who have the history of depression
- Relationship problems with family or spouse
- Financial struggles
- Hormonal problems like a decrease in testosterone levels
In conclusion, if you’re a new father and are experiencing symptoms of depression or anxiety during or after your partner’s pregnancy, get immediate help and counselling from your healthcare professional.
Post-Partum Depression Treatment:
As mentioned above, postpartum depression is treated differently depending on the type and severity of a woman’s symptoms. Nevertheless, treatment options include anti-anxiety or antidepressant medications, psychotherapy, and participation in a support group for emotional support and education.
On the contrary, in the case of postpartum psychosis, (a rare condition that develops within the first week of delivery which includes symptoms like the baby obsession, paranoia, attempts to harm your baby, hallucinations, and delusions) drugs used to treat psychosis are usually added. Hospital admission is also often necessary.
If you are breastfeeding, don’t assume that you can’t take medication for depression, anxiety, or even psychosis. You can certainly talk to your doctor. Under a doctor’s supervision, many women take medication while breastfeeding. After all, this is a decision to be made between you and your doctor.
Well, it’s time that every single woman, including men, come forward and talk about this treatable condition.
Above all, one of the common misconceptions of Postpartum depression is that people think it’ll go over time but it doesn’t and it should be addressed with the help of a medical health professional.
It’s never too late to share ladies.