Physiotherapy is a healthcare profession that evaluates, diagnoses, treats, and works prevent disease and disability through physical mean. It is physical therapy. Physiotherapy therapy/physical therapy is a branch of rehabilitative medicine aimed at supporting patients maintain, recover or amend their physical power. It is performed by Physical therapist known as a physiotherapist. Physiotherapist help patients affected by illness, injury or disability through movement and exercise. They maintain health for people of all ages, helping people to manage pain and prevent them. In addition to clinical practice, other activities covers in the physiotherapy include research, education, consultation and administration. Physical therapy services can be provided alongside or in conjunction with, other medical services. Physiotherapy also means the treatment of any pain, disease, or injury by physical means.
Physiotherapy is science-based, committed to extending, evaluating, applying and reviewing the evidence that underpins and informs its practice and delivery. The exercise of clinical judgement and informed interpretation as at its core, According to the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy, UK.
Physiotherapy attempts to find out the illness, or injuries that limit a person’s abilities to move and perform functional activities in their everyday life. The physiotherapist uses patient’s history and physical examination to arrive at a diagnosis and establish a management plan and, when required, incorporate the results of laboratory and imaging studies like X-ray, CT-scan or MRI findings.
A typical physiotherapy session with a physiotherapist is unique to a patient’s needs and their health situations. Treatment also depends on the scope of practice of the physiotherapist. However, a typical session may involve:
- Diagnosing an assessing the patients’ conditions and needs.
- Working with patients to set and attain goals-whether that’s maintaining mobility and independence in aged care to running a marathon.
- Developing a treatment or prevention plan that will take into account lifestyle, general health and activities.
- Prescribing exercise and physical aids if required.
Physiotherapy is a clinical health science
Physiotherapy is not alternative therapy. It is a clinical health science. Physiotherapist study medical science subjects, including anatomy, physiology and neuroscience in order to, acquire the health education needed for diagnosis, treatment, prevention, rehabilitation, etc by patients with physical problems.
The Physiotherapist works in hospitals, GP practice, and the community. In most countries, a physiotherapist must be fully qualified and registered by law. In order to become registered the physiotherapist must have graduated with a university degree in physical therapy or a health science university that included a physical therapy course.
A physiotherapist is an expert in the examination and treatment of patients with cardiothoracic, neuromuscular and musculoskeletal diseases; focusing on conditions and problems that reduce patient’s abilities to move and function effectively.In most countries, doctors increasingly refer their patients to the physiotherapist, which is why more and more patients going straight to physiotherapist without consulting doctors. The physiotherapist works autonomously, severally as part of a team with other health care and social care professionals.
Common reasons people seek
Peoples can benefit from physiotherapy at some point in their lives. While it is well-known that physiotherapist treat injuries, increasing numbers of peoples are coming to physiotherapists when they want to take control of their health and stay better. The physiotherapist uses their training and skills to treat a wide range of physical problem linked to different systems in the body Including:
- Cardiorespiratory- prevents, rehabilitates and supports people living with, or risk of diseases and injuries the heart and lungs, such as asthma or heart disease. Physiotherapists help patients to recover from surgery and prescribe exercises and other interventions to improve quality of life.
- Neurology- improves movement and quality of life in patients who have had a brain or spinal cord damage from trauma, or who suffer from neurological diseases such as stroke.
- Pain- handles or prevents pain and its impact on function in patients using a psychologically informed and interdisciplinary approach. A physiotherapist works with other health and social care professionals to reduce pain at the acute stage of an injury, including through identifying psychosocial risk factors that may lead to chronic or pain.
- Cancer, palliative care and lymphedema- find out a range of patient needs, including managing, treating and preventing fatigue, and joint stiffness, and pain.
- Supporting older people- utilizes evidence-based care to improvise healthy and active ageing older peoples. Working at home and residential aged care settings, physiotherapists help manage or prevent the effects of conditions such as osteoporosis, incontinence and falls.
- Continence and women’s health- prevents and manages incontinence and pelvic floor dysfunction in men, women and kids. Physiotherapist to work in areas including pregnancy, birth, breastfeeding, menopause, bed wetting, prolapse, loss of bladder or bowel control, post-partum care and with men living with or recovering from prostate cancer.
- Orthopedic- help people manage or prevent acute chronic orthopaedic conditions such as osteoarthritis, amputations and rheumatoid arthritis. Physiotherapist also helps patients prepare for or rehabilitate fro orthopaedic surgery or other orthopaedic hospital admissions.
- Occupational health- improve the health, reduces safety risks in the workplace, prevent and manage injuries and support workers in returning to work.
- Sports-diagnoses, prevents and treats musculoskeletal and sports injuries among all types of people, from professional athletes to everyday peoples.
- Acupuncture and dry needling- which helps to manage and prevent both chronic and acute conditions such as sprains and strains, spinal dysfunction, neurological and arthritic conditions.
- Aquatic- using a pool or water, physiotherapists treat patients with a multitude of conditions using hydrotherapy, including sports injuries, orthopaedic condition, spinal pain or injuries, arthritis and post-operative. Aquatic physiotherapy is known for aged care.
Benefits of Physiotherapy
A physiotherapy is a holistic approach to healthcare head by practitioners dedicated to functioning with patients to maximize their ability to function and move throughout their life. In British Columbia, we can see a physiotherapist without a doctor’s referral.
Particularly, physiotherapists may help patients with:
- Promoting optimal mobility, physical activity and overall health and wellness.
- Preventing disease, disability and injury.
- Managing chronic and acute conditions, participation restrictions and activity limitations.
- Improving the effects of disease and injuries or disability with therapeutic exercise programs and other interventions.
- Planning and educating, maintenance and support programs to prevent re-occurrence, functional decline or re-injury.
A 2012 systematic review found evidence to support the use of spine manipulation by physiotherapists as a safe option to improve results for back pain. A 2015 systematic review said that spinal manipulation and therapeutic massage are effective interventions for neck pain; it also said that, however, that electroacupuncture, strain-counter-strain, relaxation massage, heat therapy and ultrasound therapy are not effective and effective and thus not recommended for the treatment of neck pain.