Obesity: Causes & Treatment


Everyone dreams of a healthy body which stands strong both physically and mentally. When a body is fit, it can overdue the daily happening stress and assist to balance mentally as well as physical health. The well maintained healthy body is the key point to reduce the risk of heart diseases, diabetes, high blood pressure while a little bit carefulness can avoid Cancers too. However, it’s hard to achieve the set target for perfect healthy structures. There are several common problems that hinder the overall development of the body. Among which obesity is one of the issues that is quite hard to get rid off. Obesity is a situation where a person has collected so much body fat that it might have an indirect consequence of their health.

If a person’s bodyweight is at least 20% higher than it should be, he or she is revolved obese. If our Body Mass Index (BMI) IS between 25 and 29.9 we are revolving overweight. If our BMI is 30 or over we are revolving obese.


What is Body Mass Index (BMI)?

BMI is a statistical measurement follow our height and weight. Although it is revolved to be a helpful way to estimate a healthy body weight, it does not measure the percentage of body fat. BMI measurement can sometimes be misleading – a muscle-man may have a high BMI but have much less fat than an unsuitable person whose BMI is abating. However, in general, the BMI measurement can be a helpful denote for the medium person.


Causes of Obesity

Obesity is a serious disease for which multiple causes and cure exists. We gain weight when we take in more calories than we burn off. But obesity is influenced by many other causes. Here are some common causes.

  • Utilizing too many calories

These days people are taking much more food than in previous periods. This used to be the case just in enlarged nations – however, the incline has distributed worldwide. Eating the wrong food or eating the wrong kinds of food, specifically easily digested carbohydrates,  which is a more important cause of obesity. “The World Health Organization says, The primal cause of obesity  is an energy imbalance between calories consumed and calories expended.” Simply any excess of calories- whether from carbohydrates, protein or fat in food will inevitably pack on the pounds.

  • Leading a sedentary lifestyle

With the arrival of computers, mobiles, video games, television, washing machine, remote control and other modern device, people are leading a much more sedentary lifestyle compared to their parents or grandparents. The more we move around more calories we burn. However, this is not only about calories. Physical activities an effect on how our hormones work and hormones have an effect on how our body deals with food. Some studies have shown that physical activity has a beneficial effect on our insulin levels-keeping them stable. Unstable insulin levels are associated with obesity.

  • Not sleeping plenty

Research has suggested that if we do not sleep plenty, we risk of graceful obese doubles. The risk applies to both adults and children. Professor Francesco Cappuccio and team reconsidered proof in over 28,000 children and 15,000 adults. Their proof lucidly showed that sleep deprivation symbolically magnifies obesity risk in both groups.

  • Endocrine disruptors, such as some foods that disrupt with lipid metabolism

A squad from the University of Barcelona led by Dr Juan Carlos Laguna published a study in the journal Hepatology that contributes clues to the molecular mechanism through which c fructose in drinks can alter lipid energy metabolism and cause fatty liver and metabolic syndrome.

Mainly fructose is metabolized in the liver, the target organ of the metabolic alternation by the consumption of fructose. The key factors in the increase of obesity are unbalanced diets and the lack of physical exercise.

  • Lower rates of smoking

“Not everyone gains weight when they delay smoking. Among people who do, the medium weight gain is between 6 and 8 pounds. Hardly 10 percent of people who delay smoking gain a large amount of weight more than 30 pounds.” According to the National Institute of Health (NIH).

  • Medications that make patients put on weight

Consequently an article in Annals of Pharmacotherapy, some medications cause weight earn. “Clinically significant weight earns is a companion with some ordinarily indicated medicines. There is a wide inter-individual deviation in response and a variation of the degree of weight earn within drug classes. Where possible, opinion therapy should choose, especially for individuals predisposed to overweight and obesity.”

  • Is obesity self – perpetuating?

It’s harder, it graces for them to lose weight, who is overweight for a long period. Many have admiration whether obesity itself grace a permanent state, Eg. Does obesity promote obesity? In animal trials, obesity seems to grace, self – perpetuating state, According to the researchers from the University of Michigan and the National Council of Science and Technology in Argentina, notify in the Journal of Clinical Research.

They endow that the typical weight of mice that grace obese starts going up; their bodies apprehension of typically weight grace a heavier than before, inattentive of whether they are made to go on diets which had made them lose weight.

  • Obesity gene

A faulty gene, best known as FTO, makes 1 in every 6 people overeat, a group of scientists from University College London notify in the Journal of Clinical Research.

Lead researcher, Rachel Batterham, interprets that people who carried the FTO gene variant incline to eat too much, prefer high – energy, fatty foods and are regularly obese. They also appear much longer to obtain gratify.

Treatments for Obesity

It has 2 objectives:

  1. To fulfil a healthy weight
  2. To maintain that healthy weight

The People who are obese are usually discouraged because they think they have to lose a lot of weight before any benefits are experienced. Which is not true. Whoever obese person who loses just 5 to 10 percent of their body weight will have symbolical progress in health – this would mean between 12 -25 pounds for an obese person who weighs 250 pounds.


It is considered for patients to realize that a small decline in weight is a good start and a great exploit. Experts have built that obese people who lose weight tardy and perpetual, say one or two pounds each week, are more fortunate in maintaining their weight down when they have extended their target weight.

Fortunately and permanent weight loss is best to fulfil as a result of enhanced physical activity, changing how and when you eat and modifying your conduct. Some patients may be indicated medication, while others might undergo weight – loss surgery.

Dieting changes to combat obesity

The Doctor advises obese people to diminish their total daily calorie intake and to consume vegetables, more fruits and whole grains. It is important that our diet is varied – we still need to feed ourselves and should continue to enjoy the tastes the different foods. The consumption of certain refined carbohydrates, sugar and some fats should be reduced significantly.

Ideally, you should work with your doctor, a dietician or a well – know weight – loss program.

Trying to lose weight quickly by crash – dieting carries the following risks:

  • You can eliminate health problems
  • You will credible experience vitamin deficiencies
  • Your chances of failure are significantly higher

People who are gravely obese may be indicated a very low calorie melting diet. These must be made with a healthcare professional.


Weight Loss Surgery  (WLS)

WLS is a development of cancer/ulcer operations that consisted of separate part of a patient’s stomach or small intestine. WLS is also known as Bariatric Surgery. Those cancers/ulcer patients succeeding lost weight after surgery.  Doctors determined the progress might be salutary for

Recipe Medications for dropping weight

Recipe Medications should really only be resolved as the last option. If the patient finds it ultimate hard to shed the pounds or if his obesity has extended such a point as to symbolical subvert his health, then recipe drugs may grace a preference.

Recipe medications should only be revived if:

  • Other strategies to lose weight have tripped
  • The patient’s BMI is over 27 and he also has diabetes, hypertension or sleep apnea.
  • The patient’s BMI is over 30

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