hyperemesis gravidarum

Morning Sickness Vs. Hyperemesis Gravidarum: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

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No! Morning Sickness And Hyperemesis Gravidarum Are Not The Same Conditions. Find Out The Differences Along With Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment of Hyperemesis Gravidarum

Morning Sickness Vs. Hyperemesis Gravidarum. Recently the comedian Amy Schumer was hospitalized because of Hyperemesis Gravidarum (HG). Schumer is now in her second trimester. Do you know about 70-80% of pregnant women suffer from HG and most of them confuse it with morning sickness?

Morning Sickness Vs. Hyperemesis Gravidarum| Key Differences

Morning sickness is a common condition which causes nausea sometimes accompanied by vomiting. This condition is not a serious problem as it lessens after a few weeks. Some lifestyle changes and changes in eating habits can help you feel relieved.

On the other hand, HG is a very serious condition. It causes nausea with vomiting that does not subside. Along with that, it also causes dehydration.

In morning sickness, you will be able to carry out your daily activities, as this condition is very episodic.

However, with HG it will be difficult to work for weeks as pregnant women with HG may experience a complete loss of appetite. Due to these reasons, Hyperemesis gravidarum is considered more dangerous than morning sickness. Unlike in morning sickness, if you have HG it is better to seek medical help ASAP.

Hyperemesis Gravidarum Causes

The primary causes of HG are still unknown. This condition has a connection to human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG). During pregnancy, placenta creates a hormone called HCG. The pregnant body produces a large amount of HCG early in pregnancy. Let’s look at some of the possible causes of HG.

  • Rise in hormones
  • Rising level of blood thyroxine
  • Growth of hydatidiform mole(abnormal tissue) in the uterus
  • Liver abnormalities
  • Deficiency of pyridoxine and zinc
  • Inner ear problems

How do you know you have HG? What Are Its Symptoms?

Some of the common symptoms of HG include:

  • Severe nausea and vomiting
  • Dizziness
  • Increased salivation
  • Anemia
  • Headaches
  • Loss of appetite
  • Dehydration
  • Weight loss
  • Fainting
  • Jaundice
  • Low blood pressure
  • Anxiety and depression

How Is HG Diagnosed?

As HG is confused with morning sickness, your doctor may first ask about your symptoms. A standard physical exam along with blood and urine test may also be done. Similarly, further tests to rule out gastrointestinal problems may also be required. As multiple pregnancies is one of the signs of HG, your doctor may suggest you do an ultrasound, to find out if you’re pregnant with twins.

So, How Can HG Be Treated?

Once diagnosed with HG, it is best to get help from medical professionals. If the condition is serious, you may also be hospitalized. Severe dehydration, nausea, and vomiting are very risky for both the mother and child. Here are some of the preliminary treatment for HG:

  • Consumption of vitamin B-6 or ginger.
  • Stay hydrated with plenty of fluids.
  • Women who are unable to keep fluids or food down may need to get it through an IV.
  • Doctors may recommend Anti-nausea drugs promethazine and meclizine.

Should I Be Concerned About Nausea And Vomiting?

Almost every pregnant women experience nausea and vomiting due to a rise in hormone levels. This condition is common during the first trimester of pregnancy and is not harmful. Actually, it is a sign of a healthy pregnancy. However, if you have severe nausea which doesn’t subside and allows you to keep the food down, then you should go for a medical checkup.

Pregnancy is a process. It is a journey where you physically and mentally prepare yourself for a wonderful creation. It is very important to take care of your body and mind during pregnancy. So, do not avoid the complications like HG confusing it with morning sickness. It is best to seek medical help.

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