Marijuana also is widely known as weed, joint, pot or cannabis is actually dried and shredded leaves or flowers of a hemp plant known as Cannabis Sativa. It is usually green or grayish in color. Marijuana is usually smoked by people by rolling it in cigarettes. They are called joints. Similarly, marijuana is also smoked by using water pipes which are called bongs. Marijuana cigars are called blunts. People also use marijuana to brew tea or by mixing with other food materials such as candies or cookies. Marijuana contains a psychoactive and a mind-altering chemical called delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) which causes intoxicating effects in the person.
Use of Marijuana is banned in most countries around the world but many countries and some US states have legalized the medical use of marijuana as an exception. Many scientists and researchers around the world are also changing their views about the effects of marijuana consumption on the health of a person. Most people around the world use marijuana for recreational purpose and its use as a recreational drug is controversial but now most experts are getting clear on a new stance on marijuana. They believe that the use of Marijuana should be legalized for medical purposes. Most people who are actively advocating on behalf of legalization for marijuana may exaggerate about the benefits of marijuana use but if the new legal system is introduced to regulate the use of marijuana then it will be easier for scientists to study about the medicinal uses of marijuana. They can also understand how marijuana affects the mind and body of a person.
Although Marijuana has many health benefits, it is also important to note that anything can be dangerous if we get overindulged in it. Similarly, too much smoking marijuana or over using it as a recreational drug can have counterproductive effects on the user. It may make the person over dependent and obsessed about it. It can also hamper our memory power and emotional capacity. It is believed that marijuana has two chemicals which have medicinal properties. One of them is cannabidiol (CBD). This chemical can have an impact on our brain without getting high. Another chemical is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) which is known to provide relief from pain including other positive impacts.
Disadvantages of Medical Cannabis
Most people seek the prescription for marijuana to get relief from pain as a result of headaches, Cancer, Glaucoma or nerve pain. In most states where medical marijuana is legal, it can be purchased from authorized sellers which are called dispensary. The doctors may prescribe the use of medical marijuana for many conditions which include the following.
- A headache, Nausea, and pain caused by Cancer Chemotherapy
- for treatment and control of Seizure disorders
- Inflammatory bowel diseases like Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis
- Loss of weight caused by different illness
- Loss of appetite caused by AIDS or nerve pain
- Muscle spasms caused by problems such as multiple sclerosis
- To reduce symptoms of a seizure disorder known as Dravet’s Syndrome
- Treatment of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus which is an autoimmune disorder
- Treatment of symptoms related to Parkinson’s disease
Use of Medical Cannabis may also have other benefits which are as mentioned below:
- Useful to provide relief in case of anxiety
- Helps to slow down the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease
- Provides relief from the side effects caused by treatment for Hepatitis C
- Provides relief in case of pain caused by arthritis
- Helps with metabolism
- Enhances mental and creative abilities of an individual
- Helpful in treatment of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
- Protects the brain from damage caused by stroke
- Helps the brain to heal from injuries caused by concussion or other traumatic injuries
There are ingredients in marijuana like the THC which has been approved by the medical associations for treatment of nausea and improvement of appetite. It is to be used only under a prescription.
There are many chemical ingredients in our body which are activated to fight against pain, inflammation or other problems. The body system forms those chemicals naturally. Scientific studies have provided evidence that marijuana can help those chemicals to work in a better way. In that way, medical use of marijuana can have health benefits for an individual.
How can Medical Cannabis be used?
There are different ways in which medical marijuana may be used. It is usually smoked, vaporized, eaten or taken as a liquid extract. For vaporization, it is heated until the ingredients are released without formation of smoke. Marijuana can also be consumed by mixing with cookies or candy.
What can be the side effects of Medical Cannabis?
There are various side effects which marijuana may cause. Use of marijuana can cause dizziness or drowsiness. It may also cause short-term memory loss in the individual. There are other side effects of Euphoria. However, there are other serious kinds of side effects caused by marijuana which involves anxiety and psychosis. So, medical marijuana should be consumed in prescribed quantity. Abusing or overusing marijuana can have dangerous effects.
Risk and Limitations of Medical Cannabis
There are many risks and limitations which occur with the use of medical marijuana. We should be particularly careful about its use. It can be used only by people who get a prescription from the doctor. It will not be prescribed to any person who is below the age of 18. Similarly, it is strictly restricted to people with the following health problems
- Patients with heart and cardiovascular problems
- Women in their pregnancy stage
- Patients who have medical history related to psychosis