Cucumber is one plant which bears fruits called cucumiform that is very popularly used as a vegetable around the world. It is a creeping vine plant and it is found generally in three different types. The main three types of cucumber are slicing, picking and seedless cucumber. Originally, cucumbers are known to be originated from Southern part of Asia but today it is grown around the world.
A cucumber is a vegetable which belongs to the same plant family called Cucurbitaceae family which is the same as the watermelon, pumpkin or squash. 95% of cucumber is water just like the watermelon. This property of cucumber makes it a popular food to include in daily diet especially during the summer time. It can keep you hydrated during the hot and humid summer season. Apart from the plenty of water that cucumbers contain, it is also popular because it contains a lot of nutrients which are necessary for the human body. It is proven to be rich in Vitamin B, Vitamin K, Copper, Potassium, Vitamin C and Manganese. People who depend more on modern junk food can include cucumber in their diet to fulfil the nutrient deficiency. Cucumber can be added to your burger or sandwich which can make it tastier and more nutritious. There are other important substances in Cucumber called polyphenols. Polyphenols are said to be very vital in protecting us from different types of diseases. They have unique disease-fighting properties. Apart from these reasons, there are many other health benefits of cucumber because of which it is advised to include cucumber in your daily diet.
Those Health benefits of cucumber are as follows:
- Cucumber protects your brain
Cucumber plays an important role in improving brain health because it has fisetin. Fisetin is an anti-inflammatory flavonol which improves the health of the brain. Fisetin has been proven to improve the memory power and protect the brain nerves from problems related to ageing. Similarly, it has also been found that Fisetin prevents learning impairments and progressive memory problems in cases of Alzheimer’s.
- Cucumber reduces cancer risks
Cucumbers are also known to be very effective in preventing various types of cancers. There are polyphenols called as lignans present in the cucumber which help to reduce the chances of cancers including breast, uterine, ovarian or prostate cancer. Those lignans are of three types like pinoresinol, lariciresinol, and secoisolariciresinol. Cucumber also has cucurbitacins which is a phytonutrients and it also has properties to prevent cancer. According to research conducted by the George Mateljan Foundation, it has been mentioned that various pathways responsible for cancer cell development can be blocked by the cucurbitacins which are found in cucumbers.
- Cucumber helps to fight against inflammation
As cucumber is 95 percent composed of water, it contains cooling properties and it can be helpful in fighting inflammation. Studies conducted in the different animals have shown that consumption of cucumber can be beneficial in keeping control of inflammatory response occurring in the body. It decreases the unwanted inflammation. It has a tendency to control the activity of pro-inflammatory enzymes which are cyclo-oxygenase 2, or COX-2.
- Cucumbers have Antioxidant Properties
There are many types of antioxidants in cucumbers which are beneficial for the health of a person. It contains vitamin C and beta-carotene too. Similarly, other antioxidant flavonoids including are present in cucumber which have amazing benefits for our good health. Quercetin is known to be a type of antioxidant which stops the release of histamine. Foods which contain quercetin are considered to be natural antihistamines. Another antioxidant present in cucumbers is Kaempferol. It helps to prevent fatal health problems like cancer and it also fights against serious heart ailments. This is why many scientific studies and researchers have concluded that Cucumber has antioxidant properties beneficial for the good health of a person.
- Cucumber keeps your breath fresh
Another benefit of cucumber is that it can be helpful in getting rid of bad breath. The best way to keep your breath fresh is by placing a slice of cucumber on the roof part of your mouth. It helps to get rid of bacteria which causes bad odour. The Ayurveda states that if you have too much of heat in your stomach then that can cause bad breath. Cucumber has cooling properties. So it is natural that cucumbers can help to cool your stomach and then it also controls bad breath. So if you are having problems related to bad breath then cucumbers can be a reliable way to keep your breath fresh.
- Cucumbers can be beneficial in stress management
Cucumbers also contain certain elements which can play a crucial role in reducing stress. For example types of Vitamin B, including vitamin B1, vitamin B5, and vitamin B7 (biotin) are present in Cucumber. They are known to have properties to reduce the stress. Similarly, those vitamins also control anxiety and fight against depression keeping the mood in a balanced condition.
- Cucumbers maintain the digestive system
Fibre and water are two types of ingredients in Cucumber which is very necessary for the good digestive system. Cucumber is 95% composed of water and it also has a lot of fibre which helps in good digestion. So it can be a good idea to keep cucumbers as part of your daily diet. You can either include it in the meal or also eat it as a salad. People suffering from problems of acid reflux disorder are recommended to drink plenty of water because water can reduce the Ph levels in the stomach. It can also create the same kind of effect because of its water content. Cucumbers are naturally rich in insoluble fibre which is an added benefit for good digestive system. That helps to make bulk in the stool because of which the stool can move more easily through the digestive tract. It keeps the digestive system in order.
- Cucumbers help to maintain weight
Cucumber is a very low-calorie food but when we eat them it makes us quite full. A cup full of sliced cucumber has only 16 calories. The fibre which is present in the cucumbers forms a jelly texture in the gut. This slows down the process of digestion because of which cucumbers make you feel full for a long period of time. It has been proven by various studies that food which has a lot of fibre can be helpful in weight control. And it is a known fact that cucumber is mostly fibre and water. So if you are looking towards losing some weight then start by including plenty of cucumbers in your daily diet.
- Cucumbers are good for the heart
Potassium is one element present in cucumber which has a good impact on the health of the heart. Potassium is known to reduce the blood pressure levels. Our body needs potassium in good quantity to maintain balance in the body system. Potassium functions as an electrolyte which is positively charged ion. Its concentration should be maintained inside the body. The concentration is said to be 30 times much higher inside the cells compared to outside. It has to be maintained so that it can carry out its various functions. It works with sodium and controls the transmission of nerve impulse, contraction of muscles and function of the heart.
Other Health Benefits of Cucumbers
The other benefit of cucumber is that it has such properties to help you get rid of the pain. It contains Flavonoids and tannins which have amazing pain relieving properties. Traditionally, cucumbers have been used to get rid of headaches as well. The seeds have a cooling kind of effect to solve headache problems. Cucumber juice is also one ingredient to be used in anti-acne lotions. Cucumbers are known to be beneficial for the good health of kidneys as it helps to keep the uric acid levels low. Cucumbers also contain such ingredients which are required by the pancreas to produce insulin. So, cucumbers are vital to prevent diabetes. Similarly, Silica is a mineral found in cucumber. Silica helps to keep our hair and health healthy and shiny.
Cucumbers are actually fruits but it is commonly considered as a type of vegetable by people worldwide. It is quite easy to grow because it doesn’t require much space. It is a creeping vine plant so it can grow around free space in your garden. They can also be easily grown on containers if they get something on a climb on.