What is depression & its Medical Treatment? Depression is one of the serious medical illnesses. It is a mood disorder that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest. Depression is also called major depressive disorder or clinical depression. It is more than just a feeling of being sad or “blue” for a few days. Creates a low mood and may last for a long time. It even affects your everyday life. At its most severe, depression can be life-threatening because it makes you feel suicidal or simply give up the will to live. So it affects how you feel, think and behave and lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems. Depression patient requires long-term treatment with special caring. But don’t get discouraged. Most people with depression feel even better with medication, psychological counseling or both. So always think positive and be positive to overcome depression from your life.
Depression may vary from person to person. It may be mild, moderate or severe depression. This would give you the clear picture of what sort of impact your symptoms are having on you at present and what sorts of treatment you are taking.
There are specifically following types of Depression:
- Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD):
SAD depression is a kind of depression that usually occurs in the winter. It is a recognized mental health disorder. It usually occurs due to the changes in seasons, so that you may experience greater effect on your mood and energy levels. Besides less commonly, some people may find this problem during summer as well. Typically, it is most common in the UK, where there are huge changes in the weather.
It is a continuous mild depression that would last for two years or more. It is also called persistent depressive disorder or chronic depression.
- Prenatal Depression:
It especially occurs during pregnancy and also called antenatal depression.
- Postnatal Depression (PND):
Postnatal Depression is usually diagnosed in women but it even affects to men. It especially hunts after becoming a parent for weeks to months.
Let’s discuss some information about maternal mental health:
Really, having a baby is a big life event for every parent or couple life. Preparing to become a father and mother burst your range of emotions and reactions during and after pregnancy. But if they start to have a big impact on how you live your life, you might be experiencing a mental health problem. Most of the women experience a mental health problem during pregnancy or in the year after giving birth. This might be a new mental health problem you may experience. This is known as perinatal mental health problems.
Actually, Perinatal means the period of time covering your pregnancy and up to roughly a year after giving a birth to a child. It is made up of two words: peri means “around” and natal means “birth”. There are also several terms you might have heard about like postnatal or postpartum for “after birth” and antenatal or prenatal for “before birth”. Prenatal Mental Health Problems, you may experience during pregnancy and childbirths are:
- Perinatal Depression
- Anxiety during pregnancy
- Perinatal OCD
- Postpartum Psychosis
- Postpartum PTSD
Depression is a disorder of the brain. And there are several causes of getting depressions like genetic, biological, environmental, and psychological factors. Depression can happen at any age but mostly it occurs in teenage and young adults. But it is more common in women.
Causes of Depression:
There are several causes of getting depression; some of them are mentioned below:
- Biological differences:
Depressant people appear to have physical changes in their brains. It is still not known what are the significant changes in the brain, but it especially affects the functionality of the brain.
- Brain Chemistry:
Changes in the function and effect of these neurotransmitters play a significant role in depression and its treatment. Neurotransmitters are naturally occurring brain chemicals that play a vital role in depression and act as a mood changer.
Changes in the hormones level trigger depression. It may occur during pregnancy and during weeks or months after delivery (postpartum).
- Inherited traits:
It is found that there are also certain genes which play a significant role in causing depression so researchers are trying to find out.
Different methods of Treatment for Depression:
There are several methods used for the treatment of depression, which is mentioned below in detail:
Psychotherapy is often called “talking therapy”. It is used to treat a mild and moderate form of depression. It helps people with depression focus on behaviors, emotions, and ideas that contribute to depression. Psychotherapy helps the depressed person identify and enable them to regain a sense of control. It often acts as the first line of treatment for depression.
Medicines are commonly used to treat depressions.
- Electroconvulsive therapy:
Electroconvulsive therapy is a procedure in which of an electric current is used to produce a seizure in the patient. It is also used for patients with epilepsy.
- Alternative treatments:
There are several forms of alternative treatments like acupuncture, guided imagery, chiropractic treatments, yoga, hypnosis, biofeedback, aromatherapy, relaxation, herbal remedies, massage, and many others.
Food that helps to fight Depression:
There are several foods that help to fight against depression like:
- Brazil Nuts
- Clams and mussels
- Leafy greens
- Milk etc.
When to see a doctor:
When you have a feeling of depression, make an appointment to see your doctors as soon as possible that will reduce your frustration and pain. So always be happy and be positive to boost up your health.