Bipolar Disorder is commonly also known as manic depression. Bipolar disorder manic depression is a type of mental illness because of which there can be a serious change in moods ranging from high to lows and it can totally affect the overall behavior of the person including the sleep, energy, and thinking. Any person who has Bipolar Disorder may feel a shift in their moods at certain times. At one time, they could feel energized and happy while at other time they could feel sad, depressed, unhappy or hopeless. In between both these moods, they feel normal but the highs and lows in the mood can be defined as two different poles of mood. This is why this condition is called Bipolar Disorder.
In simple words, a Bipolar disorder manic depression is a condition in which a person has a mental disorder causing depression periods and periods of elevation in mood. The elevated mood is also referred to as mania or hypomania, however, it’s severity may be variable depending on the presence involving symptoms of psychosis. During periods of mania, a person feels unusually energized, overconfident, happy or irritable. During this time, a person may take poor and a reckless decision without thinking of the results.It has also been noted that during mania, a person may also have delusions or hallucinations. Delusions mean to believe in things which is not true and Hallucinations is to imagine and see a thing which is not real. They may also not feel necessary to sleep during this phase. Hypomania refers to a mild stage of mania in which the person will not have hallucination or delusions. The high mood in hypomania may not hamper much in the day to day life of the affected person.
During a period of depression, a person may feel like crying with a negative thought towards life. They will avoid eye contact with other people. The symptoms of depression in Bipolar disorder are same as in clinical depression or Depressive disorder where the patient will not have episodes of mania or hypomania. It has been found that in cases of bipolar disorder, people tend to experience more time in depressive stage than in stage of mania or hypomania. There is a high risk of suicide among people who have this kind of disorder. Similarly, the people with the Bipolar disorder are also likely to cause self-harm so it is necessary to seek medical support as soon as symptoms of this disorder are noticed. Other disorders including substance abuse disorder and anxiety disorder are also linked to this disorder.
Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder Maniac Depression
The thing about Bipolar Disorder is that there are dramatic episodes of high and low moods but they don’t occur in a fixed pattern. The strange thing about the Bipolar disorder is that the person may not shift between both stages alternately. A person may experience the same state of mood for a long time repeatedly before jumping to another mood. These kinds of episodes can occur over a timeframe of weeks, months or also years at times. The severity of Bipolar disorder may differ from person to person and it may also depend on the time period. As time passes, the symptoms of Bipolar disorder could become either more severe or less severe. The major symptoms in both the periods of Bipolar Disorder are as mentioned below.
What is the cause of Bipolar Mood Disorder?
A lot of scientific studies and researchers are being carried out to identify the exact cause of Bipolar disorder but no exact cause has been identified yet. However, there are factors like Genes, change in the brain and high-stress level which is known to cause symptoms of Bipolar disorder.
Common Symptoms of Mania (High period)
- An unnecessary feeling of happiness and excitement
- Unusually feeling hopeful and elated.
- Sudden changes experienced happy feeling to being irritated and angry
- Feeling of restlessness
- Speaking rapidly and unnecessarily
- Lack of Concentration
- High level of energy and less requirement for sleep
- High level of sex drive
- Making plans which are unrealistic and unusual
- Displaying poor level of judgment and decision making
- Abuse of alcohol and drugs
- Impulsive behavior
Common Symptoms of a Depressive period (Low period)
- An unnecessary feeling of sadness and hopelessness
- Experiencing a feeling of worthlessness and uselessness
- Less level of energy
- Trouble in concentration
- May not enjoy doing things which the person liked earlier
- Difficulty in taking decisions
- Crying uncontrollably
- High level of irritation
- Requiring more sleep
- Change in appetite which may cause weight loss or gain of weight
- Unusual thoughts about dying and committing suicide
- Attempt of suicide
Who may have Bipolar disorder?
Most of the times, symptoms of the Bipolar disorder are noticed in periods of late adolescence or early adulthood. Bipolar disorder is a health problem which can run down the family line. In very rare occasions, symptoms of the Bipolar disorder may also be noticed in children. Bipolar disorder may occur in both male and female irrespective of the gender. However, it has been noticed that Women are more likely to experience rapid cycling. Rapid cycling is to have four or more different episodes of mood in a single year. Men are less likely to spend more time in a depressed mood as compared to women suffering from Bipolar disorder.
Mostly, people who have Bipolar disorder may fall victim or alcohol and drug abuse during periods of mania or depression. Other people who have different conditions like seasonal depression, anxiety disorders, and Post Traumatic Stress Disorders are also at high risk of developing symptoms of a Bipolar disorder in the future.
How can Bipolar disorder be diagnosed?
In any case of illness, proper diagnosis and treatment at the right time are most important. So, if you know someone in your friend and family circle who has similar symptoms as of Bipolar disorder, then you must advise that person to visit a doctor as soon as possible. The psychiatrist or the Medical professional will try to find out the history of the illness by asking questions about the type of illness or symptoms experienced. Information about the illness in the family may also be important to diagnose the problem correctly. Diagnosis of Bipolar disorder can be done by studying and analyzing the symptoms by the psychiatrist or the doctor. It is necessary to differentiate if the problem is caused as a result of the Bipolar disorder itself or it is the result of some other problem like thyroid disorder, Alcohol abuse, and drug abuse. It is important to determine the severity of the illness and how long the symptoms have lasted. The symptoms to look out for are mood swings from high to lows, change in sleep pattern, energy level, thinking capacity and behavior of the person. The Doctor can also consult with friends and family members to further discuss the symptoms and differentiate Bipolar disorder from other psychiatric problems which can affect the mood, thinking, and behavior of the person.
What can be the Treatments for Bipolar Disorder?
Bipolar Disorder cannot be treated at once. It is a disorder which needs continuous care and treatment over a long period of time. Different types of medications are used to treat Bipolar disorder including mood stabilizers like lamotrigine (Lamictal), lithium, lamotrigine (Lamictal), lithium and valproate (Depakote). Similarly, antipsychotic drugs such as quetiapine (Seroquel), lurasidone (Latuda), olanzapine (Zyprexa) and cariprazine (Vraylar) may also be prescribed by the doctors. Antidepressants and combination of different medicines have also found to be helpful in the treatment of the Bipolar disorder.
Apart from medications, psychotherapy has found to be beneficial to a great extent. It is difficult to treat people who have alcohol or drug problems. Similarly, it is also difficult to treat people with a severe type of Bipolar disorder with more than 4 episodes of mania and depression in a year.
A connection of Bipolar Disorder with a Suicidal tendency
There have been various cases reported in which some people with the Bipolar disorder can turn suicidal. It is important to notice the symptoms involved and seek medical treatment as soon as possible in those conditions. The warning signs and symptoms in such cases are as follows:
- High level of depression with a change in daily habits.
- Staying in Isolation.
- Talking frequently about hopelessness, helplessness or suicide
- Behaving in a reckless manner
- Getting frequently in accidents
- Taking unnecessary risks
- Drug and Alcohol abuse
- Mostly talking about dying and death
- Giving away their own possessions
- Not expressing the emotions or crying more
- Focusing more on negative thoughts
After Treatment of the Bipolar disorder manic depression
Most People with a Bipolar disorder can experience changes in their overall mood and symptoms after proper treatment. Proper diagnosis and good treatment can stabilize the symptoms providing relief to the person. The treatment should be continued instead of trying to deal with the symptoms as they appear. If the person has problems with substance abuse, drug abuse or abuse of alcohol then those people may require a specialized type of treatment.