Betel Leaf is the leaf of a vine belonging to the Piperaceae plant family, which include pepper and kava. The betel leaf is evergreen as well as a perennial creeper. These heart-shaped vine leaves are cultivated mostly in the South and Southeast Asia, from Pakistan to Papua New Guinea. The plant needs a compatible tree or a long pole for support. The leaves of the betel plant are a slim, aromatic, creeper, rooting at the nodes. Betel requires Well-drained, fertile soil. Betel leaf also referred as Piper Betel; a Latin name also called Paan ka Patta in Hindi. Betel leaves are mostly consumed in Asia, and elsewhere in the world by some Asian immigrants, as betel quid or the Paan, with Areca Nut and Tobacco.
According to Ayurveda, Betel Leaf is full of medicinal properties. The leaf is generally chewed right after meals in South East Asian Countries. It is offered in marriage ceremonies like a special eatery, right after the main course. Numerous guests have it after Desert, like Paan.
The Traditional value of Betel Leaf
In Sri Lanka and some of the states of India, Karnataka, Kerala, Assam, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu Maharashtra, and Odisha a sheaf of Betel leaf is traditionally offered as a mark of respect and auspicious beginnings. Pan leaf is such a part of their life that they need it on every important occasion. They use it in their prayer, in-home remedies, for welcoming their guests and almost in all ceremonies. Betel leaf has traditional values that have been followed for thousands of years. We can still find betel leaf stuck both sides of the door of the temples or Puja Rooms in the rural village of Tamil Nadu.
The usage of betel leaf could be traced as back as 2000 years. It is explained in the most famous historical book of Sri Lanka, Mahavamsa written in Pali Language.
In Sanskrit, Betel Leaf is known as Nagavallari (a vine which creeps like a Naga, cobras in Indian folklore/serpent) or Sapthaashira (a leaf which contains seven veins).
Nutrition Facts of Betel leaf
“Analysis of the Betel leaf shows it contains moisture 85.4%, protein 3.1%, minerals 2.3%, fat 0.8%, carbohydrates 6.1% and fiber 2.3% per 100 grams.” Read “A Review Nutraceuticals Properties of Piper Betel Paan” for detail. Betel leaves minerals, as well as vitamin contents, are vitamin C, calcium, carotene, niacin, riboflavin and thiamine. Betel Leaf contains 61 calories per 100 Gram. Recent reports have suggested that betel leaves consist of tannin, sugar, and diastase as well as an essential oil. The essential oil is a light yellow liquid of aromatic scent and sharp burning in taste like pepper. It includes a natural phenylpropene known as Chavicol, a type of organic compound, which is useful for killing germs.
Health Benefits of Betel leaves
The heart shape leaf which exhibits unmatched therapeutic qualities. Betel leaves therapeutic uses is greatly unappreciated or ignored, yet extremely efficient. Betel leaf has lots of medical advantages; let’s look at some of the well-known benefits of betel leaves:
Betel leaf for cold
Betel leaf is excellent for treating cold, and the best way to use betel leaf is by making Kashayam out of it. Kashayam is an ancient form of medicine that has been used for a long time. Kashayam refers to water extract of a single or group of herbs. Usually, Kashayam is made by boiling the herbs together with the water, but for cold remedy, we need fresh extract. Betel leaf Kashayam is easy to make and provides excellent rest from chest congestion.
Relieves a cough
Betel leaves are unbelievable methods for reducing continuous cough. They are packed with antibiotics. These types of antibiotics relieve phlegm, and also decrease the inflammation induces due to continuous coughing.
Promotes Oral health
The betel leaf helps us to refresh breath, safeguards against germs, and bacteria along with other oral pathogens within the mouth. Once we chew a betel leaf, it cleanses the mouth as well as helps prevent tooth decay. It will help to strengthen the gums, prevents oral bleeding, and reinforces the teeth also. This special protective shield could be enhanced by merely gargling, morning and night, daily with one drop of betel leaf oil together with a cup of warm water. It may also help to treat sore mouth.
Improve the Digestive system
The principle of Ayurveda considers pan leaf very light to digest. Betel leaf boosts the body’s metabolism. This triggers circulation as well as energizing the intestines to soak up vital minerals and nutrients. Waste gets removed easily through better sphincter functioning. Better sphincter functioning is additionally an outcome of the stimulation brought on by betel leaf. Carminative, intestinal, anti-flatulent and gastroprotective properties in betel leaves made chewing the leaf after a meal so famous. The essential oil could be massaged within the stomach since it works better for the secretion of digestive acids as well as gastric juices.
Reduces Gastric Pain
Betel leaf is very useful an improving GERD, Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a digestive disorder that affects lower esophageal sphincter (LES). The pan leaf keeps the duodenum free of harmful toxins and free-radicals. This decreases acidity brought on because of imbalance PH levels of the stomach. Optimal PH levels make sure that bloating is reduced. Foul gas passes through sphincter contraction as well as expansion. This makes sure that gastric reflux is reduced. Hence, Gastric decreased effortlessly along with constant use of Betel leaf.
Nose bleeding control
Betel leaf contains Tannin. Tannin is known to have astringent properties that may precipitate a protein on the surface of the cell so that the cell permeability can be decreased, causing the surface cell to tighten and shrink. Take a fresh betel leaf roll it up and press to spend a little oil, then insert the rolled leaf on the nose bleed. It will take nearly half an hour to stop the bleeding.
Betel leaves are an excellent antiseptic. It is full of polyphenols, specifically Chavicol. Hence, it provides a twin defense against germs. It may be applied to cuts to kill bacteria, as being an excellent germ killer. Since it packed with polyphenols, it is used for dealing with inflammation like arthritis or orchitis. People use betel leaf as a pain reliever an anti-inflammatory agent.
Betel leaf is an incredible anti-fungal remedy. Fungal infections usually occur on moist body parts. Therefore, betel leaf makes an excellent all-natural treatment that stops fungal infection naturally.
Relief from Back pain and Muscular Tension
Betel leaf can be an excellent cure for peoples who are struggling with lower back pain or even lumbago. A hot poultice of betel leaves or juice mixed with refined coconut oil placed onto the loins provides better relief. Massaging the lower back along with betel leaf oil with a carrier oil helps to ease the pain. Additionally, it helps to reduce muscular tension, aches, redness, and swelling.
Heals Wounds and Infection
Betel leaves therapeutic qualities consists of healing of wounds and infection. Crush a pair of betel leaves, extract the juice, and use it on the injury or even infection. Then place a betel leaf on top of it and wrap it using a bandage. The wound will heal within two days since it helps prevent the growth of destructive microbes.
For the people struggling with a headache, the betel leaf is an incredible cure. Betel leaf has analgesic as well as cooling qualities. To cure headache, apply betel leaf oil over the affected area or your forehead.
Acne cure and other skin Disorders
Betel leaf is an excellent cure for acne, black spots, and other skin disorders. Its anti-microbial qualities assist in dealing with skin allergies, itchiness, ulceration, and body odor. Crush a pair of betel leaves as well as extract its juice, put some turmeric and then apply around the acne or allergies to locate better relief. You can boil betel leaves and use the water to wash your face. Frequent use may help clear black spots and acne in just a few days.
Extract of betel leaves is known to manage blood glucose levels and also have highly effective anti-diabetic property. Therefore, betel leaves can reduce the level of sugar in the blood treating diabetes.
Betel Leaf can be helpful for people who want to lose their weight or burn fat. Betel leaf reduces body fat and increases the rate of metabolism of the body. It also reduces the secretion of acid as it increases the quantity of mucus in the stomach, preventing the stomach liming form harmful effect of gastric acids.