Altitude Sickness: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment of Altitude Sickness


High Altitude sickness or Acute Mountain Sickness happens once you cannot get enough oxygen from the air at high altitudes. In medical science, High Altitude Sickness is also known as Acosta’s Disease. This causes symptoms like nausea, shortness of breath, dizziness, headache, loss of appetite, and bother sleeping. It happens most frequently once those who don’t seem to be wont to high altitudes go quickly from lower altitudes to 8000 ft. (2438 m) or higher. As an example, you’ll get a headache once you drive over a high mountain pass, hike to a high altitude, or reach a mountain resort.

Mild altitude sickness is common. Consultants don’t understand who can get it and who won’t. Neither your fitness level nor being male or female plays a role in whether or not you get altitude sickness. It is often dangerous. It’s good to take special care if you go high-altitude hiking or camping (like within the Rockies) or have plans for a vacation or trek in high-altitude countries like Peru, Ecuador, or Nepal. Altitude sickness is additionally referred to as acute altitude sickness.


Causes of Altitude sickness

Air is “thinner” at high altitudes. Once you go too high too quickly, your body cannot get the maximum amount oxygen because it wants. Therefore you would like to breathe quicker. This causes a headache and different symptoms of altitude sickness. As your body gets won’t to the altitude, the symptoms get away.

Symptoms of Altitude sickness

The symptoms are:

  • A headache that is sometimes throbbing. It gets worse throughout the night and after you wake up.
  • Not feeling like eating.
  • Feeling sick to your abdomen. You’ll vomit.
  • Feeling weak and tired. In severe cases, you are doing not have the energy to eat, dress or do something.
  • Waking up throughout the night and not sleeping well.
  • Feeling dizzy.

Your symptoms could also be mild to severe. They will not begin till daily once you have got been at a high altitude. Many people say altitude sickness sounds like having a hangover.

Altitude sickness will have an effect on your lungs and brain. Once this happens, symptoms include being confused, not having the ability to run straight (ataxia), feeling faint, and having blue or gray lips or fingernails. After you breathe, you’ll hear a sound sort of a paper bag being crumpled. These symptoms mean the condition is severe. It’s going to be deadly.


Diagnosis of Altitude sickness

If you’re at a high altitude, your doctor might imagine you have got this condition. Your doctor can raise your questions about your symptoms and examine you. To rule out different conditions, your doctor might raise if you have got been drinking fluids or alcohol or using any medicines, or if you have got a cold or the flu. If you’re hiking or camping, you and people with you would like to understand the symptoms of altitude sickness. People typically mistake altitude sickness for the flu, a hangover, or dehydration. As a rule, consider your symptoms to be altitude sickness unless you’ll be able to prove they’re not.

Treatment of Altitude sickness

The best treatment for altitude sickness is to travel to a lower altitude. However, if you’ve got mild symptoms, you’ll be able to stay at that altitude and let your body get won’t to it. Symptoms usually occur if you’ve got simply arrived at a mountain resort from a lower altitude. You may even be able to use oxygen or a specially designed pressure chamber to treat altitude sickness. If you stay at a high altitude, rest. You’ll explore the world, however, take it simple. Limit any walking or activity. Drink lots of water, however, don’t drink alcohol. Don’t move to the next altitude till your symptoms go away. This might take from twelve hours to three or four days.

For a headache, you’ll take a medicine, like ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) or naproxen (Aleve). Don’t offer aspirin to anyone younger than twenty. Aspirin has been joined to Reye syndrome, a significant illness. You’ll additionally use drugs to reduce feeling sick to your stomach or alternative symptoms. A doctor will provide you with acetazolamide (Diamox). This speeds up how fast your body gets won’t to the upper altitude. Nifedipine (Procardia) and dexamethasone also are used for altitude sickness. You’ll even be able to use oxygen or a specially designed pressure chamber to treat altitude sickness. Go to a lower altitude if your symptoms are moderate to severe, they get worse, or drugs or oxygen treatment doesn’t facilitate. Go down a minimum of 1500 ft. (457 m). go to a lower altitude as quickly as you’ll or get emergency facilitate if somebody with you has severe symptoms like being confused or not having the ability to walk straight. Go with the person. Never let somebody with severe altitude sickness go down alone.

Prevention of Altitude sickness

You may be able to prevent altitude sickness by taking some time once you go to high altitudes, using medication before, and eating certain foods.

  • If you’re getting to altitudes on top of 8000 ft. (2438 m), try and spend an evening at a medium altitude before going higher. As an example, within the United States, spend an evening in Denver before getting to the range of mountains.
  • Don’t fly into high-altitude cities. If this can be not possible, avoid large meals, alcohol, and being terribly active when you arrive. Rest, and drink many liquids. If you have got symptoms, don’t go higher till they need to be gone away. Samples of high-altitude cities embrace Cuzco, Peru; La Paz, Bolivia; and Lhasa, Tibet.
  • Sleep at an altitude that’s not up to the altitude you were at throughout the day. for instance, if you ski at 9500 ft. (2896 m) throughout the day, sleep the night before and also the night when at 8000 ft. (2438 m). the study showed that starting to take ibuprofen 6 hours before mounting to high elevations so taking it each 6 hours whereas mounting might facilitate prevent altitude sickness. Ibuprofen may reduce the symptoms of altitude sickness if you are doing catch on.
  • You’ll consider taking acetazolamide (Diamox) or possibly dexamethasone before going to a high altitude. Check with your doctor concerning this.
  • Eat lots of carbohydrates. This includes bread, cereals, grains, and pasta.


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