Abdominal pain, usually called stomach, belly or tummy ache, typically refers to cramps or a dull ache in the belly (abdomen). It’s usually short-lived and caused by a minor upset or stomach bug. Stomach cramps are usually attributable to bloating and trapped wind. This can be a particularly common problem which will be embarrassing, however, is definitely dealt with; your pharmacist can suggest an over the counter product to relieve the wind. If your stomach cramps have started recently and you also have diarrhea, the cause is maybe gastroenteritis. This implies you’ve got a viral or microorganism infection of the stomach and intestine that your immune system can typically repulse once some days. Severe stomach cramps and diarrhea that cause you to feel terribly unwell (for example, causing chills or a fever) may be attributable to a lot of serious infection, like unwellness. This may typically regain on its own without treatment. You should think about seeing your doctor once the pain is:
- Severe and obtaining worse
- Related to weight loss
- Related to injury from the intestine
- Related to problem swallowing
- Related to persistent vomit.
If you have got sudden, agonizing pain in a specific area of your belly, get medical help now. it should be a signal of a heavy unwellness, like appendicitis, which will quickly get worse while not treatment. Some medicines, like aspirin and anti-inflammatory and anti-dementia medicine, will cause abdomen pain as a side effect. If you think this can be the case, then consult a pharmacist or your doctor to review your medicines.
Abdominal pain in children
Abdominal (stomach) pain is caused by a number of things and may vary from gentle discomfort to strong pain. Common causes of abdominal pain in youngsters include:
- intestinal flu
- an injury or pulled muscle caused by an immediate blow or sporting injury
- menstrual (period) pain in ladies who have started their periods
- nerves, excitement or worry
- cornered wind
- Lower urinary tract issues, like cystitis (as recommended by lower abdominal pain).
Most abdominal pain is gentle and can clear up while not treatment in a few days. Severe or persistent pain, particularly once your kid has different symptoms like a fever, needs close monitoring and should want an additional medical assessment.
Symptoms of Abdominal pain
If abdominal pain is severe or continual or if it’s among any of the following symptoms, contact health care provider as shortly as possible:
- Inability to stay food down for more than a pair of days
- Any signs of dehydration
- Inability to pass stool, particularly if you’re also vomiting
- Painful or outstandingly frequent urination
- The abdomen is tender to the touch
- The pain is that the results of an injury to the abdomen
- The pain lasts for more than a couple of hours
These symptoms will be a sign of an internal drawback that needs treatment as short as possible. Seek immediate treatment for abdominal pain if:
- Vomit blood
- Have bloody or black tarry stools
- Have issue breathing
- Have pain occurring throughout pregnancy
Causes of Abdominal pain
There are many various causes of abdominal pain. Some cause short-term pain, some cause long-term pain and others cause sudden and severe pain.
Short-term abdominal pain: Among the most common causes of abdomen cramps are trapped the wind and bloating, which may be embarrassing, however, is simply forbidden. Your chemist will suggest a product, like charcoal tablets, which may be bought over the counter to relieve the wind. If your abdomen cramps are accompanied by diarrhea, the cause is maybe gastroenteritis. This can be a viral or microorganism infection of the abdomen and intestine that your immune system can sometimes repulse after some days.
Severe abdomen cramps and diarrhea that cause you to feel terribly unwell (for example, causing chills or a fever) might be as a result of an additional serious infection, like food poisoning. This also typically gets better on its own without treatment.
Long-term abdominal pain: Common causes of long-term or recurrent abdominal pain in adults include:
- Irritable intestine syndrome – a condition wherever the muscle of the intestine wall tends to spasm (tighten); pain is commonly relieved after you go to the bathroom
- a urinary tract infection that keeps returning
- a peptic ulcer – an open sore that develops on the within the lining of your abdomen or small intestine (upper little intestine)
- heartburn and reflux – abdomen acid leaks from the abdomen and up into the oesophagus
- Period pain – crampy abdominal pain occurring during a menstrual cycle.
Sudden and severe abdominal pain: There are a number of conditions that cause severe and unexpected pain, including:
- a perforated peptic ulcer – an open sore that develops on the within the lining of your abdomen or small intestine (upper little intestine) that has broken through the lining
- gallstones – little stones that kind of the gallbladder
Appendicitis – inflammation of the appendix. Appendicitis may be a medical emergency, and your doctor can talk to the hospital immediately
- gastroenteritis – an infection of the abdomen and intestine
- kidney stones – stones of calcium and different matter that kind of the kidney
- diverticulitis – inflammation of the tiny pouches that are a part of the intestine
- A bleeding aneurysm – the aorta, which is that the main artery from the heart, leaks.
Treatment of Abdominal pain
Treating abdominal pain depends on its cause. Treatments will vary from medications for inflammation, GERD, or ulcers, to antibiotics for infections, to changes in personal behavior for abdominal pain caused by certain foods or beverages. In some cases, like appendicitis and a herniation, surgery is also necessary. Some kinds of abdominal pain need treatment by a doctor. You must consider seeing your doctor if: the pain is severe and obtaining worse
- you’re losing weight
- you’re bleeding from the intestine
- you’ve got problem swallowing
- You’re vomiting repeatedly.
You may have some tests to help work out what’s causing the pain. The tests you will have depends on what kind of pain you’ve got, and the way long you’ve got had it, however, the most common ones include:
- blood tests
- X-rays or CT scans
- ultrasound, within which a probing sort of a microphone is moved over your abdomen
- Endoscopy, within which a long tube is a place either in your mouth or up your backside, thus a doctor will see what your abdomen and intestine look like.
The treatment suggested can depend on the cause and severity of the pain, and the way long you’ve got had it. However, it should include following a specific diet, getting additional exercise, taking medicines or having surgery.
Prevention of Abdominal pain
Abdominal pain will typically be prevented.
Develop regular intestine habits to prevent abdominal pain caused by constipation. For a lot of info, see the topic Constipation, Age twelve and Older. Develop regular eating habits. Overeating could be a common reason for abdominal discomfort. Eat slowly and stop once you feel full. To prevent abdominal pain caused by swallowing air, don’t chew gum or drink carbonated beverages. Prevent abdominal injuries by wearing your seat belt safely and properly whenever you drive or are a passenger in a car. Wear each your lap and shoulder belts. The shoulder strap ought to cross the collarbone, and therefore the lap belt should fit low and tight. Don’t wear your shoulder strap slipped behind the rear or under the arm. This dangerous habit will cause severe injury, particularly in cars with air baggage.